You will notice some phrases and words used in the Book of Mormon that are also used in the King James Bible.
While it can be argued that some of the parallels are coincidental, most are so strong that it is impossible to not conclude that their, true source is from the King James Bible. For a complete transcript of this lesson, please click on the link in the description below.
Okay, Alma has just finished giving counsel to his sons, Helaman, Shiblon, and Corianton. From this point on in the Book of Alma we will be covering what we refer to as the “war chapters” of the Book of Mormon. Knowing the labor required to engrave the plates and their limited potential writing space, the reader might wonder what Mormon saw in this period of Nephite history. So, let’s find out.
Alma 43:1 “AND now it came to pass that the sons of Alma did go forth among the people, to declare the word unto them. And Alma, also, himself, could not rest, and he also went forth.”
Alma 43:2 “Now we shall say no more concerning their preaching, except that they preached the word, and the truth, according to the spirit of prophecy and revelation; and they preached after the holy order of God by which they were called.”
Alma 43:3 Mormon who is abridging this record says, “And now I return to an account of the wars between the Nephites and the Lamanites, in the eighteenth year of the reign of the judges.” It has been 18 years since Alma became the head of the Church and about 74 years before the coming birth of Jesus. Back in Alma 35:1-13, Mormon told us that the Zoramites who did not join the Church, stirred up the Lamanites to go to war against the Nephites. Mormon told us that he would eventually return to the topic of these wars, and so now he does.
Alma 43:4 “For behold, it came to pass that the Zoramites became Lamanites; therefore, in the commencement of the eighteenth year the people of the Nephites saw that the Lamanites were coming upon them; therefore they made preparations for war; yea, they gathered together their armies in the land of Jershon.” The land of Jershon is where the Anti-Nephi-Lehies had originally settled after their conversion. These Anti-Nephi-Lehies were Lamanite converts – later called the people of Ammon – who had been forced to flee to the land of Zarahemla after joining the Church. They had made a covenant never to take up weapons of war again, so they buried all of their weapons. Originally, Ammon had given them the land of Jershon to live in, but then they had to be moved to another area in order to make space for a battlefield in which the Nephite armies could defend their country against the Lamanite armies.
Alma 43:5 “And it came to pass that the Lamanites came with their thousands; and they came into the land of Antionum, which is the land of the Zoramites; and a man by the name of Zerahemnah was their leader.” ^In the 1830 edition page 340 the name of the land was spelled “Antionam” which was changed in later editions to “Antionum.”
Alma 43:6 “And now, as the Amalekites were of a more wicked and murderous disposition that the Lamanites were, in and of the themselves, therefore, Zerahemnah appointed chief captains over the Lamanites, and they were all Amalekites and Zoramites.” The words “chief captains” are in Acts 25:23.
Alma 43:7 “Now this he did that he might preserve their hatred towards the Nephites, that he might bring them into subjection to the accomplishment of his designs.” The Amalekites were bitter apostates who hated the Nephites. They were the people who adopted Nehor’s teachings of priestcraft. And, the Zoramites were apostates as well. In the 1830 edition page 340 it read “Now this he done that he might” which was changed in later editions from “done” to “did.”
Alma 43:8 Zerahemnah did all of this to seize great power over the Lamanites and to put the Nephites in bondage. The word “behold” in the 1830 edition page 340 was spelled “hehold.” And, “this he done that he might” was changed in later editions from “done” to “did.”
Alma 43:9 In contrast, all the Nephites wanted to do was to live in peace with their families and enjoy their rights to worship God.
Alma 43:10 They knew if they fell into the hands of Lamanites those religious freedoms would be destroyed. The phrase “fall into the hands of” is in Hebrews 10:31.
Alma 43:11 They also knew that their enemies would destroy the defenseless people of Ammon.
Alma 43:12 The phrase “would not suffer that” is in Mark 11:16.
Alma 43:13 “And the people of Ammon did give unto the Nephites a large portion of their substance to support their armies; and thus the Nephites were compelled, alone, to withstand against the Lamanites, who were a compound of Laman and Lemuel, and the sons of Ishmael, and all those who had dissented from the Nephites, who were Amalekites and Zoramites, and the descendants of the priests of Noah.”
Alma 43:15 The armies of the Nephites were prepared to meet them in the land of Jershon. ^The words “gathered together in” are in Matthew 18:20.
Alma 43:16 We will now be introduced to the young leader of the Nephite armies “Now, the leader of the Nephites, or the man who had been appointed to be the chief captain over the Nephites – now the chief captain took the command of al the armies of the Nephites – and his name was Moroni;”
Alma 43:17 “And Moroni took all the command, and the government of their wars. And he was only twenty and five years old when he was appointed chief captain over the armies of the Nephites.” He will be remembered in Book of Mormon lore as Captain Moroni! This BC. Captain Moroni sounds like a DC Comics character – Captain Marvel!
Alma 43:18-21 As they met for battle – the Nephites were outnumbered, but they had much better armor and weapons. They wore breastplates, armored-shields, head-plates, and thick clothing. They were armed with swords, cimeters, and all manner of weaponry. On the other hand, the army of Zarehemnah only had swords, cimeters, bows and arrows and slings. And they were half naked, wearing only skins girded about their loins. Wouldn’t it be cool if there were some of these artifacts discovered by archeologists? Unfortunately, not a single trace.
Alma 43:19-21 In later editions these verses have been re-punctuated here so that it is all one sentence, with verse 20-21 shown as a parenthetical remark set off by long dashes, in order to represent the sense of the passage better (see 1830 edition page 342).
Alma 43:22 The Lamanites decided to sneak into the wilderness and show up at the land of Manti to catch Moroni’s army unaware. ^The words “they that durst not” are in Luke 20:40.
Alma 43:23 Moroni sent spies after them. He also had others inquire of the Lord for inspiration. ^The words “unto him, desiring him” are in Acts 19:31.
Alma 43:24 The Lord told Alma to tell Moroni the strategy of the Lamanites. A very, detailed battle sequence ensued. Here are a few of the highlights.
Alma 43:25-34 Leaving some of his soldiers in Jershon, Moroni marched over to Manti. Half of his army secretly hid by the bank of the river Sidon, while the other half hid by the hill Riplah.
Alma 43:25 In the 1830 edition it read “took the remainder part of his army” which was changed in the 1964 edition to read “remaining part.” ^The phrase “lest by any means” is in Galatians 2:2.
Alma 43:35-36 As the Lamanites passed by the hill and began to cross the river, they were ambushed and surrounded by the Nephites.
Alma 43:35 ^The phrase “a man whose name was” is in Luke 1:27.
Alma 43:37 “And the work of death commenced on both sides, but it was more dreadful on the part of the Lamanites, for their nakedness was exposed to the heavy blows of the Nephites with their swords and their cimeters, which brought death almost at every stroke.”
Alma 43:38 On the other hand, the Nephites suffered little loss due to their armor.
Alma 43:39-43 The Lamanites retreated across the river Sidon but were met by Moroni and his men in a fierce battle.
Alma 43:44 Being inspired by their leader, Zerahemnah the Lamanites fought like dragons – piercing the Nephites armor and cutting off many of their arms.
Alma 43:45 “Nevertheless, the Nephites were inspired by a better cause, for they were not fighting for monarchy nor power but they were fighting for their homes and their liberties, their wives and their children, and their all, yea, for their rites of worship and their church.”
Alma 43:46-47 The Lord told them that they should defend their families even unto bloodshed.
Alma 43:46 ^The phrase “Inasmuch as ye are” is in 1 Peter 4:13.
Alma 43:48 When the Nephites started to shrink back and flee from the Lamanites, Moroni encouraged them to keep fighting.
Alma 43:49 “And it came to pass that they turned upon the Lamanites, and they cried with one voice unto the Lord their God, for their liberty and their freedom from bondage.”
Alma 43:50-51 Even though the Lamanites had twice the numbers, they were driven back upon the banks of the river.
Alma 43:50 ^The words “to stand against the” are in Ephesians 6:11.
Alma 43:52-53 At that point, when the Lamanites were surrounded by the armies of Moroni on one side and Lehi and his armies on the other side, they were struck with terror.
Alma 43:54 “Now Moroni, when he saw their terror, commanded his men that they should stop shedding their blood.”
Alma 44:1 “AND it came to pass that they did stop and withdrew a pace from them. And Moroni said unto Zarahemnah: Behold, Zerahemnah, that we do not desire to be men of blood. Ye know that ye are in our hands, ye we do not desire to slay you.”
Alma 44:2 “Behold, we have not come out to battle against you that we might shed your blood for power; neither do we desire to bring any one to the yoke of bondage. But this is the very cause for which ye have come against us; yea, and ye are angry with us because of our religion.” We could call these “religious wars.” Here, Moroni is interested in calling a truce. ^The phrase “the yoke of bondage” is in Galatians 5:1 and, “this is the very” in John 7:26.
Alma 44:3 “But now, ye behold that the Lord is with us; and ye behold that he has delivered you into our hands. And now I would that ye should understand that this is done unto us because of our religion and our faith in Christ. And now ye see that ye cannot destroy this our faith.” The words “faith in Christ” are in Acts 24:24.
Alma 44:4 “Now ye see that this is the true faith of God; yea, ye see that God will support, and keep, and preserve us, so long as we are faithful unto him, and unto our faith, and our religion; and never will the Lord suffer that we shall be destroyed except we should fall into transgression and deny our faith.”
Alma 44:5-6 Moroni “commands” Zerahemnah in the name of God and all that the Nephites are fighting for, to surrender their weapons and promise not to come against them again in war. Then they can go in peace.
Alma 44:7 In other words, either surrender or we will make you extinct.
Alma 44:8-11 When Zerahemnah heard this, he handed over his weapons to Moroni. But he told Moroni that he wasn’t going to swear an oath not attach again. Zerahemnah did not believe that it was God who was protecting the Nephites, it was their armor. So, Moroni returns the weapons to Zerahemnah and tells him okay then, “let’s fight to the end.” Either take an oath not to attack us again or you will die.
Alma 44:8 ^The words “these sayings he” are in Luke 9:28. In the 1830 edition page 346 it read “Behold, here is our weapons of war” which in later editions was changed to “Behold, here are our weapons of war.”
Alma 44:9 ^The words “your faith” are in Matthew 9:29 and, “but we believe that” are in Acts 15:11.
Alma 44:11 In the 1830 edition page 346 it read “Now I cannot retain the words” which was changed in the 1964 edition to read “Now I cannot recall the words.” The words “with an oath that” are in Acts 23:21.
Alma 44:12-14 Zerahemnah was so angry with Moroni that he rushed forward to kill him, but one of Moroni’s soldiers smote Zerahemnah – cutting off his scalp which fell to the ground. Placing the scalp on the point of his sword, he taunted all the Lamanites that they would die if they did not depart with a covenant of peace.
Alma 44:15-16 Many of the Lamanites threw down their weapons and were allowed to depart into the wilderness. That really made Zerahemnah angry and he stirred up the rest of his soldiers to fight on with the Nephites. How is Zerahemnah able to fight without his scalp? Is this where the Native Americans learned to take scalps from their defeated foes?
Alma 44:15 ^The phrase “at the feet of” are in Luke 8:35.
Alma 44:17-18 Well, this really made Moroni angry, so he ordered his army to slay the Lamanites.
Alma 44:19 Finally, when Zerahemnah saw that all was about to be lost, he cried out to Moroni that he was willing to covenant not to come to war against them any, more. The phrase “cried mightily” is in Revelation 18:2.
Alma 44:20 At which point, Moroni caused the work of death to cease. They confiscated the enemy’s weapons and entered, into a covenant of peace before allowing the Lamanites to depart into the wilderness.
Alma 44:21-22 So many died in this battle that they were not numbered, and their corpses were thrown into the waters of Sidon.
Alma 44:23 Moroni’s army returned to their homes and lands.
Alma 44:24 “And thus ended the eighteenth year of the reign of the judges over the people of Nephi. And thus ended the record of Alma, which was written upon the plates of Nephi.” In the 1830 edition page 347 it read “which was wrote upon the plates of Nephi.” It was changed in the 1964 edition to read “which was written upon the plates of Nephi.”
Alma 45 Remember in Alma 37:1-2, Alma gave his oldest son, Helaman, the plates of Nephi, and the brass plates of Laban. He instructed Helaman to continue keeping a record of the people. Mormon uses the records kept by Helaman to abridge the ongoing account of the wars between the Nephites and the Lamanites.
Alma 45:1 When Captain Moroni’s soldiers returned to their homes and families, they expressed gratitude to God through fasting and prayer. The phrase “with exceedingly great joy” is in Matthew 2:10.
Alma 45:2 Next, Alma has an interview with his son, Helaman. He wants to make sure he can fully trust him with the responsibility of keeping the Nephite records. This was in the 19th year of the reign of the judges. In the 1830 edition page 248 it read “and saith unto him” which was changed in later editions to read “and said unto him.” ^The words “believest thou the” are in Acts 26:27.
Alma 45:4 “And Alma said again: Believest thou in Jesus Christ, who shall come?” The words “in Jesus Christ” are in Galatians 2:16.
Alma 45:6 “And Alma said unto him again: Will ye keep my commandments?”
Alma 45:8 After answering these questions to the affirmative, “Then Alma said unto him: Blessed art thou; and the Lord shall prosper thee in the land.”
Alma 45:9 Once Helaman passed the worthiness interview, Alma is about to give a very, specific prophesy concerning the Nephites, following the appearance of the resurrected Jesus to them. He wants it to be written down, but not shared with anyone else until after the fulfillment of the prophesy.
Alma 45:10 “And these are the words: Behold, I perceive that this very people, the Nephites, according to the spirit of revelation which is in me, in four hundred years from the time that Jesus Christ shall manifest himself unto them, shall dwindle in unbelief.” The phrase “according to the spirit of” is in Romans 1:4 and, “that Jesus Christ” is in Acts 8:37 and “in unbelief” in Romans 11:23.
Alma 45:11 And here is the bombshell. “Yea, and then shall they see wars and pestilences, yea, famines and bloodshed, even until the people of Nephi shall become extinct –“ The phrase “and then they shall see” is from Mark 13:26.
Alma 45:12 Next, Alma explains the cause for the destruction of the Nephites. “Yea, and this because they shall dwindle in unbelief and fall into the works of darkness, and lasciviousness, and all manner of iniquities; yea, I say unto you, that because they shall sin against so great light and knowledge, yea, I say unto you, that from that day, even the fourth generation shall not all pass away before this great iniquity shall come.” The phrase “the works of darkness” is in Romans 13:12, “and lasciviousness” in 2 Corinthians 12:21 and, “yea, I say unto you” is in Matthew 11:9.
Alma 45:13 “And when that great day cometh, behold, the time very soon cometh that those who are now, or the seed of those who are now numbered among the people of Nephi, shall no more be numbered among the people of Nephi.”
Alma 45:14 “But whosoever remaineth, and is not destroyed in that great and dreadful day, shall be numbered among the Lamanites, and shall become like unto them, all, save it be a few who shall be called the disciples of the Lord; and then shall the Lamanites pursue even until they shall become extinct. And now, because of iniquity, this prophecy shall be fulfilled.” The phrase “the disciples of the Lord” is from Acts 9:1 and, “shall be fulfilled” is in Revelation 17:17. Such an unexpected turn of events being revealed to Helaman and now the readers of the Book of Mormon casts a shadow over all that follows – knowing that as far as the Nephites are concerned their fate is sealed! It would also come as a bit of a shock that before the coming of Christ even occurs, an event long prophesied in the Book of Mormon, the ultimate disappointing fate of the Nephites is revealed. A prophecy that in some ways would seem to undermine the significance of Christ’s coming to the Nephites, as not even His coming to them can save them from such a fate.
Alma 45:15 Alma finishes up by blessing his sons and the land. In the 1830 edition page 349 the name “Helaman” was spelled, “Helama” which has been corrected in later editions.
Alma 45:16 But cursed be the land if the people are wicked. The phrase “every nation, kindred, tongue, and people” is similar, to Revelation 14:6.
Alma 45:17 He then blessed the church. The phrase “stand fast in the faith” is taken from 1 Corinthians 16:13.
Alma 45:18 “And when Alma had done this he departed out of the land of Zarahemla, as if to go into the land of Melek. And it came to pass that he was never heard of more; as to his death or burial we know not of.” He just rode off into the sunset, never to be heard of again.
Alma 45:19 Many Latter-day Saints speculate that Alma was translated – taken up to heaven without dying. “Behold, this we know, that he was a righteous man; and the saying went abroad in the church that he was taken up by the Spirit, or buried by the hand of the Lord, even as Moses. But behold the scriptures saith the Lord took Moses unto himself; and we supposed that he has also received Alma in the spirit, unto himself; therefore, for this cause we know nothing concerning his death and burial.” The words “that he was taken up” are in Acts 1:22 and, “in the spirit, unto” are in Acts 20:22.
Alma 45:20 Helaman now being in, charge of the Church went forth preaching the word.
Alma 45:21 It says, he wanted to make a regulation throughout the church – whatever that means. ^The phrase “that the word of God should” is in Acts 13:46.
Alma 45:22 “Therefore, Helaman and his brethren went forth to establish the church again in all the land, yea, in every city throughout all the land which was possessed by the people of Nephi. And it came to pass that they did appoint priests and teachers throughout all the land, over all the churches.” I find it interesting that here it says, “they did appoint priests and teachers.” In most other passages, it says they were “ordained.” The fact is that to “ordain” means to appoint or to call, at least according to the Greek. Without the laying on of hands.
Alma 45:23-24 After setting up the churches, there arose a dissension among the people. They grew proud and rich and would not give heed to the words of the priests and teachers.
Alma 45:24 ^The words “being lifted up” are in 1 Timothy 3:6.
Alma 46:1 Eventually, the unbelievers gathered against the believers. What causes this kind of animosity? Oh yeah, Religion does! The phrase “were gathered together against” is in Acts 4:26.
Alma 46:2 The unbelievers were determined to kill the believers. ^The phrase “insomuch that they were” is in Mark 2:12.
Alma 46:3 “Now the leader of those who were wroth against their brethren was a large and a strong man; and his name was Amalickiah.” Amalickiah was charismatic and power hungry.
Alma 46:4 “And Amalickiah was desirous to be a king; and those people who were wroth were also desirous that he should be their king; and they were the greater part of them the lower judges of the land, and they were seeking for power.” The words “the greater part” are in 1 Corinthians 15:6.
Alma 46:5 “And they had been led by the flatteries of Amalickiah, that if they would support him and establish him to be their king that he would make them rulers over the people.”
Alma 46:6 “Thus they were led away by Amalickiah to dissensions, notwithstanding the preaching of Helaman and his brethren, yea, notwithstanding their exceedingly great care over the church, for they were high priests over the church.” We addressed this problem of having “high priests” in the previous episode.
Alma 46:7 “And there were many in the church who believed in the flattering words of Amalickiah, therefore they dissented even from the church; and thus were the affairs of the people of Nephi exceedingly precarious and dangerous, notwithstanding their great victory which they had had over the Lamanites, and their great rejoicings which they had had because of their deliverance by the hand of the Lord.” So, a lot of members were apostatizing from the church. This is happening fast! Bet they wish they had Alma back to fix this problem. The phrase “flattering words” is in 1 Thessalonians 2:5.
Alma 46:8-10 Mormon wants the reader to see how quickly people forget the Lord, how quick they are to do iniquity. Also, how one man can lead away the hearts of many people and attempt to destroy the church of God, and to destroy the foundation of the people’s liberty.
Alma 46:11 “And now it came to pass that when Moroni, who was the chief commander of the armies of the Nephites, had heard of these dissensions, he was angry with Amalickiah.” I can imagine since Moroni had just fought the Lamanites to protect their freedoms.
Alma 46:12 In dramatic fashion Moroni took, action. “And it came to pass that he rent his coat; and he took a piece thereof, and wrote upon it – In memory of our God, our religion, and freedom, and our peace, our wives, and our children – and he fastened it upon the end of a pole.” In some ways, we could call this the first American flag!
Alma 46:13 “And he fastened on his head-plate, and his breastplate, and his shields, and girded on his armor about his loins; and he took the pole, which had on the end thereof his rent coat, (and he called it the title of liberty) and he bowed himself to the earth, and he prayed mightily unto his God for the blessings of liberty to rest upon his brethren, so long as there should a band of Christians remain to possess the land –“ The first use of the term “Christians” referring to believers and followers of Christ was in the New Testament found in Acts 11:26 which was approximately AD. 40. It was a term first used in a negative way by non-believers to refer to followers of Jesus. However, Alma 46:13 dated at 73 BC., has people already wearing the name “Christian.” That represents a disparity of over 100 years. Which account are people to believe?
Alma 46:14 “For thus were all true believers of Christ, who belonged to the church of God, called by those who did not belong to the church.”
Alma 46:15 “And those who did belong to the church were faithful; yea all those who were true believers in Christ took upon them, gladly, the name of Christ, of Christians as they were called, because of their belief in Christ who should come.” The phrase “the name of Christ” is in 1 Peter 4:14.
Alma 46:16 “And therefore, at this time, Moroni prayed that the cause of the Christians, and the freedom of the land might be favored.” This is a nice thought and it makes the Book of Mormon read like it is at least inspired if not direct revelation from God, right? But with the presence of much plagiarizing and obvious anachronisms and complete lack of archeological evidence – leads one to think that the Book of Mormon is nothing more than a 19th century novel.
Alma 46:17 Next, Moroni defines the boundaries of the land which were to be defended.
Alma 46:18 He reminds them that the only way in which the people can be destroyed is through transgression. ^The words “trodden down and” are in Luke 8:5.
Alma 46:19 Then Moroni went among the people waving his torn clothes on the pole so everyone could see what was written on it. In the 1830 edition page 351 it read, “wrote” which was changed to “written” in the 1964 edition. Also, the word “part” as in “rent part” used twice in this verse, was not in the original but was later added.
Alma 46:20 He shouted, “Behold, whosoever will maintain this title upon the land, let them come forth in the strength of the Lord, and enter into a covenant that they will maintain their rights, and their religion, that the Lord God may bless them.” He wanted their oath and promise.
Alma 46:21 In this verse we read the words “token” and “covenant” and even “garments” that are significant to temple endowed members of the Latter-day Saints. “And it came to pass that when Moroni had proclaimed these words, behold, the people came running together with their armor girded about their loins, rending their garments in token, or as a covenant, that they would not forsake the Lord their God; or in other words, if they should transgress the commandments of God, or fall into transgression, and be ashamed to take upon them the name of Christ, the Lord should rend them even as they had rent their garments.” ^The phrase “the people came running together” is from Mark 9:25.
Alma 46:22 Making a covenant, the people cast down their garments at Moroni’s feet. The phrase “and they cast their garments” is taken from Luke 19:35.
Alma 46:23 “Moroni said unto them: Behold, we are remnant of the seed of Jacob; yea, we are a remnant of the seed of Joseph, whose coat was rent by his brethren into many pieces; yea, and now behold, let us remember to keep the commandments of God, or our garments shall be rent by our brethren, and we be cast into prison, or be sold, or be slain.”
Alma 46:24 In these next two verses, we read some of the words and details about Joseph’s coat of many colors, which supposedly have been left out of the book of Genesis in the King James Bible and the Joseph Smith Translation. “Yea, let us preserve our liberty as a remnant of Joseph; yea, let us remember the words of Jacob, before his death, for behold he saw that a part of the remnant of the coat of Joseph was preserved and had not decayed. And he said – Even as this remnant of garment of my son hath been preserved, so shall a remnant of the seed of my son be preserved by the hand of God, and be taken unto himself, while the remainder of the seed of Joseph shall perish, even as the remnant of his garment.” ^The words “remember the words of” are in Acts 20:35.
Alma 46:25 “Now behold, this giveth my soul sorrow; nevertheless, my soul hath joy in my son, because of that part of his seed which shall be taken unto God.”
Alma 46:26 “Now behold, this was the language of Jacob.” So, this remnant of Joseph’s coat is symbolic of the remnant of his descendants which was preserved from utter destruction. Since part of Joseph’s coat survived, that means part of Moroni’s seed will survive.
Alma 46:27 The phrase “stand fast in the faith” is from 1 Corinthians 16:13.
Alma 46:28 When he was done speaking, Moroni gathered up all the people who were willing to fight the Amalickiahites. Dude, these names are getting lengthy.
Alma 46:29 When Amalickiah realized he was outnumbered, he fled to the land of Nephi to recruit the Lamanites.
Alma 46:30-33 Moroni did not want the Lamanites to be stirred up and join the Amalickiahites, so he took his army and cut them off in the wilderness. After they fought, Amalickiah escaped with a few men and the rest were taken prisoners back to the land of Zarahemla. But we have not seen the last of Amalickiah.
Alma 46:31 In the 1830 edition page 353 the words “with his tents” was omitted but added in later editions. The words “it was expedient that” are in John 18:14. I am still having a difficult time picturing the Lamanites and the Nephites carrying tents around with them into battle.
Alma 46:34-35 Moroni gave the Amalickiahite prisoners a choice to either covenant to support the cause of freedom or be put to death. Not surprisingly, only a few refused to make the covenant and they were subsequently executed.
Alma 46:34 ^The words “being a man” are in John 10:33.
Alma 46:36 Moroni then hoisted up his “Title of Liberty” flag upon every tower in the land. That must of, looked pretty, cool.
Alma 46:37-38 Mormon tells us that peace was restored in the land and order in the church for a solid four years. That is a pretty, good streak by Book of Mormon standards.
Alma 46:38 ^The words “the high priests” are in Luke 3:2.
Alma 46:39-41 The climate of Zarahmela was not particularly favorable to good health. Mormon points out that many happily died believing their souls were redeemed by the “Lord Jesus Christ.” For those who remained alive, God prepared many plants and roots which the people used to cure diseases.
Alma 46:39 The phrase “the Lord Jesus Christ” is from Acts 11:17.
Alma 46:40 In the 1830 edition page 353 it read “which was subsequent to man” this was changed to read “to which men were subject” in the 1964 edition.
Alma 46:41 ^The words “the faith of Christ” are in Philippians 3:9.
Alma 47 In this chapter we will only read “And it came to pass” 21 times due to the limited space on the plates.
Alma 47:1 Now let’s find out what Amalickiah is up to! When he and his entourage fled from Moroni’s army into the wilderness, he went directly to the land of Nephi. There he tried to convince the king of the Lamanites to join forces to go into battle against the Nephites.
Alma 47:2-3 However some of the Lamanites were afraid to fight the Nephites, so the king gave Amalickiah command of the Lamanite army and forced the rest to obey the king and go to war.
Alma 47:2 In the 1830 edition page 354 it read “they were exceeding fraid” which was changed in the 1964 edition to read “they were exceedingly afraid.”
Alma 47:3 The words “and compel them” are in Luke 14:23.
Alma 47:4-7 Amalickiah’s secret plan was to dethrone the king of the Lamanites.
Those who disobeyed the king fled to a place called Onidah. There they appointed their own king. Then they gathered upon the top of a mount called Antipas and prepared to battle.
Alma 47:5 ^The words “he went forward” are in Mark 14:35 and, “supposing that they” are in Acts 27:13.
Alma 47:8-9 Amalickiah did not want to fight them, he wanted to gain control of them. So, he made camp at the bottom of mount, Antipas.
Alma 47:10 During the night, he sent a message to Lehonti, who was the leader of the Lamanites on the mount, to come down and speak with Amalickiah.
Alma 47:11 But Lehonti refused. Even after three attempts to persuade him otherwise.
Alma 47:12 Then, Amalickiah went up the mount and asked a fourth time for Lehonti to come down and bring his guards with him. ^The words “that he would come down, and” are in John 4:47.
Alma 47:13 “And it came to pass that when Lehonti had come down with his guards to Amalickiah, that Amalickiah desired him to come down with his army in the night-time, and surround those men in their camps over whom the king had given him command, and that he would deliver them up into Lehonti’s hands, if he would make him a second leader over the whole army.” This was all part of Amalickiah’s cunning plan. As Lehonti agrees, he basically signs his own death warrant and Amalickiah prepares to spring the trap.
Alma 47:14 So, Lehonti comes down from the mount in the dark and surrounds the men of Amalickiah while they slept.
Alma 47:15 Then the Amalickiah’s army did a curious thing. They were not angry at Amalickiah for selling them out, and instead pleaded with him to let them become a part of the larger army that had just captured them. ^The phrase “that he would suffer them to” is from Luke 8:32.
Alma 47:16 Thus, Amalickiah turned his soldiers over to Lehonti. This was all his elaborate design to dethrone the king.
Alma 47:17 “Now it was the custom among the Lamanites, if their chief leader was killed, to appoint the second leader to be their chief leader.”
Alma 47:18 “And it came to pass that Amalickiah caused that one of his servants should administer poison by degrees to Lehonti, that he died.”
Alma 47:19 “Now, when Lehonti was dead, the Lamanites appointed Amalickiah to be their leader and their chief commander.”
Alma 47:20 Then, Amalickiah marched his armies into the city of Nephi. The words “the chief city” is in Acts 16:12.
Alma 47:21 The king came out to greet him and saw that Amalickiah had united a great army to fight the Nephites. ^The words “for he supposed” are in Acts 7:25.
Alma 47:22 Amalickiah’s servants then bowed down before the king in reverence.
Alma 47:23-24 As the king put forth his hand to raise them, one of Amalickiah’s servants stabbed the king in the heart.
Alma 47:25 “Now the servants of the king fled; and the servants of Amalickiah raised a cry, saying:
Alma 47:26 “Behold, the servants of the king have stabbed him to the heart, and he has fallen and they have fled; behold, come and see.”
Alma 47:27-28 Amalickiah had his army march forth to see what happened to the king. He told those who loved the king to pursue the king’s servants and kill them.
Alma 47:29 The servants of the king fled into the wilderness and came over to the land of Zarahemla to join the people of Ammon. Remember, they were the Lamanites who had been converted years before by the sons of Mosiah.
Alma 47:30 In the meantime, Amalickiah deceptively gained the hearts of the people. Now all he has left to do is to marry the queen.
Alma 47:31 He took immediate control of the city Nephi.
Alma 47:32-34 When the queen – who of course doesn’t have a name – received word of her husband’s assassination, she asked to meet with Amalickiah and any witnesses to hear the full story, which she fell for as truth.
Alma 47:33 The phrase “desiring him that he would” is in Acts 19:31.
Alma 47:35 “And it came to pass that Amalickiah sought the favor of the queen, and took her unto him to wife; and thus by his fraud, and by the assistance of his cunning servants, he obtained the kingdom; yea, he was acknowledged king throughout all the land, among all the people of the Lamanites, who were composed of the Lamanites and the Lemuelites and Ishmaelites, and all the dissenters of the Nephites, from the reign of Nephi down to the present time.” A question that the reader might have: Who is there to witness all these events and conversations in order to write them down? Mormon is abridging the record, but who from the outset knew the specific details enough to engrave them on plates?
Alma 47:36 “Now these dissenters, having the same instruction and the same information of the Nephites, yea, having been instructed in the same knowledge of the Lord, nevertheless, it is strange to relate, not long after their dissensions they became more hardened and impenitent, and more wild, wicked, and ferocious than the Lamanites – drinking in with the traditions of the Lamanites; giving way to indolence, and all manner of lasciviousness; yea, entirely forgetting the Lord their God.” ^The words “not long after” are in Acts 27:14.
Alma 48 In this chapter the word “yea” is written 23 times.
Alma 48:1-4 After Amalickiah obtained the kingdom, he desired to become king of the Nephites too. He ordered his men to speak from the Lamanite towers, to try and get Lamanites angry and ready to fight the Nephites and to bring them into bondage.
Alma 48:5-6 Amalickiah appointed Zoramites to be chief captains because they understood the strengths and weaknesses of the Nephites. Then the army headed to the land of Zarahemla.
Alma 48:5 The words “chief captains” are in Acts 25:23.
Alma 48:7 “Now it came to pass that while Amalickiah had thus been obtaining power by fraud and deceit, Moroni, on the other hand, had been preparing the minds of the people to be faithful unto the Lord their God.” In the 1830 edition page 358 it read “had been a preparing the minds.” In later editions because it does not belong, the word “a” has been deleted.
Alma 48:8-9 Moroni had been preparing for war and strengthening his own army. They built small forts and walls to encircle their cities and the borders of their lands.
Alma 48:10 “And thus he was preparing to support their liberty, their lands, their wives, and their children, and their peace, and that they might live unto the Lord their God, and that they might maintain that which was called by their enemies the cause of Christians.” Their enemies should have called them “Mormons” instead if they really wanted to offend them. But then, President Russell M. Nelson would have something to say about that 2,000 years later (see What’s in a Name?, Mormons, now non-Mormons) The words “live unto the Lord” are in Romans 14:8.
Alma 48:11-13 Moroni was a pretty, amazing guy. He was strong, had perfect understand, was not cruel, and worked hard for his people. He was firm in his faith and had sworn an oath to defend his people, country, and his religion with his life.
Alma 48:11 The phrase “perfect understanding” is from Luke 1:3.
Alma 48:13 The words “the faith of Christ” are in Philippians 3:9 and, “had sworn with an oath to” are in Acts 2:30.
Alma 48:13 The word “religion” found in this verse and in Alma 44:5 and Alma 51:6, is from the Latin term “religio”. It is not found anywhere in the Hebrew Old Testament – but “religion” is used 10 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 72 BC.
Alma 48:14-15 Next, Moroni points out again the things which justify going to war.
Alma 48:15 ^The phrase “the commandments of God” are in 1 Corinthians 7:19.
Alma 48:16 He trusted that God would direct them how to defend themselves against their enemies as, long as they kept the commandments.
Alma 48:17 Mormon admired Captain Moroni so much that he named his own son after him. He was described here in glowing, almost hyperbolic terms: “Yea, verily, verily I say unto you, if all men had been, and were, and ever would be, like unto Moroni, behold, the very powers of hell would have been shaken forever; yea, the devil would never have power over the hearts of the children of men.” In the 1830 edition page 359 it read “the Devil would never have no power” which was a double-negative statement. Plus, “Devil” was capitalized. In the 1964 edition the words “no” was deleted and the word “Devil” was un-capitalized. The phrase “verily, verily I say unto you” is in John 16:23.
Alma 48:18 “Behold, he was a man like unto Ammon, the son of Mosiah, yea, and even the other sons of Mosiah, yea, and also Alma and his sons, for they were all men of God.”
Alma 48:19 “Now behold, Helaman and his brethren were no less serviceable unto the people than was Moroni; for they did preach the word of God, and they did baptize unto repentance all men whosoever would hearken unto their words.” Again, where is the mention of women here?
Alma 48:20-23 The Nephites fought reluctantly with Lamanites for many years.
Alma 48:23 ^The words “out of this world” are in John 13:1.
Alma 48:21 In the 1830 edition page 359 it read “in the latter end of the nineteenth year, notwithstanding” The word “year” was omitted. In later editions the word “year” was added. It now reads “in the latter end of the nineteenth year, yea, notwithstanding.”
Alma 48:24-25 They had to fight to protect their families so they could continue keeping the commandments in order to prosper in the land.
Alma 48:24 ^The words “those who were once” are in Hebrews 6:4.
Alma 48:25 In the 1830 edition page 359 it read “the promise of the Lord were” which was changed to “the promise of the Lord was” in later editions.
Alma 49:1-4 In the previous chapter, the Lamanites were on the move to fight the Nephites. As they approached the city of Ammonihah, they realized that the city was encircled by a high ridge or wall of earth. Which made it impossible for the Lamanites to sling stones and shoot arrows over.
Alma 49:5 The Lamanites were astonished by the defensive preparations made by the Nephites. ^The words “chief captains” are in Acts 25:23.
Alma 49:6 The Lamanites, themselves were prepared this time with shields and breastplates and thick garments to cover their nakedness. ^The words “they supposed that they should” are in Matthew 20:10.
Alma 49:7 They thought it would be a easy victory over the Nephites since they were so prepared this time. ^The phrase “the yoke of bondage” is in Galatians 5:1.
Alma 49:8-9 But they were astonished at the Nephite’s preparation for war.
Alma 49:10-11 Since king Amalickiah himself did not come with the Lamanites to battle, the chief captains did not dare attack the Nephites at Ammonihah.
Alma 49:12 “Therefore they retreated into the wilderness, and took their camp and marched towards the land of Noah, supposing that to be the next best place for them to come against the Nephites.”
Alma 49:13 The Lamanite chief captains took an oath that they would destroy the people in the city of Noah.
Alma 49:14-15 But, when they arrived at the city, they found it well fortified.
Alma 49:16-17 They also find that Lehi commanded the Nephite army in that city, and they feared Lehi. Still, they had sworn an oath, so they had to fight.
Alma 49:17 The phrase “had sworn with an oath to” is from Acts 2:30.
Alma 49:18-20 Because of the walls and ditch surrounding the city, the Lamanites could not get in any other way than through the entrance to the city. But Lehi’s strongest men were positioned there to prevent that from happening.
Alma 49:18 ^The words “the depth of the” are in Matthew 18:6.
Alma 49:21-24 The Lamanite army attacked the entrance but were slaughtered and driven back. They attempted to dig down the banks of earth to get in a different way but were killed in the process. Their bodies filled up the ditches. Every Lamanite chief captain was killed, along with at least a thousand soldiers. But not a single Nephite was killed, and an interesting detail – only fifty men received leg wounds.
Alma 49:22 The words “that they might obtain” are in Hebrews 11:35.
Alma 49:23 In the 1830 edition page 362 it read “there was not a single soul of the Nephites which were slain.” In later editions, it was changed from “were” to “was.”
Alma 49:25-26 The Lamanites retreated, back to the land of Nephi, and told king, Amalickiah, about the lost battle. Amalickiah was exceedingly angry at their report.
Alma 49:27 “Yea, he was exceedingly wroth, and he did curse God, and also Moroni, swearing with an oath that he would drink his blood; and this because Moroni had kept the commandments of God in preparing for the safety of his people.” The phrase “drink his blood” is from John 6:53.
Alma 49:28 “And it came to pass, that on the other hand, the people of Nephi did thank the Lord their God, because of his matchless power in delivering them from the hands of their enemies.”
Alma 49:29 This brought an end to the nineteenth year of the reign of judges over the Nephites – about 72 BC.
Alma 49:30 “Yea, and there was continual peace among them, and exceedingly great prosperity in the church because of their heed and diligence which they gave unto the word of God, which was declared unto them by Helaman, and Shiblon, and Corianton, and Ammon and his brethren, yea, and by the holy order of God, being baptized unto repentance, and sent forth to preach among the people.” Here we see that Alma’s son, Corianton after fully repenting of being with the harlot and abandoning his first mission field, is back in the business of preaching the word. ^The words “being baptized” are in Luke 3:21.
Alma 50:1-6 Moroni continued preparing for more war and fortifying his cities. He kept digging heaps of earth around all the cities and putting barricades on top of the mounds of dirt and then putting towers and pickets on top of the barricades.
Alma 50:7-10 Moroni’s armies drove out the Lamanites, who were in the wilderness, back to their homeland. He then sent inhabitants of Zarahemla to take over the newly cleared land, and he sent some troops to protect the southern border. He also built the same fortifications around the new land.
Alma 50:8 ^The words “a straight course” is in Acts 16:11.
Alma 50:11-13 Moroni successfully isolated the Lamanites and protected his people. His people flourished and his army grew, and they even founded a new city, which they called Moroni. There is a town in Central Utah named Moroni. Actually, there are numerous towns in Utah named after Book of Mormon cities.
Alma 50:14-16 They also founded a city between the cities of Aaron and Moroni, they called Nephihah. And another city called Lehi. And that ended the twentieth year of the reign of judges.
Alma 50:17-18 We are reminded again that prosperity comes to a people as a result of keeping the commandments of God. They became exceedingly rich and became strong in the land.
Alma 50:18 In the 1830 edition page 364 it read “were strong in the land” which was changed in later editions to read “wax strong in the land.” So, from “were” to “wax.”
Alma 50:19 Mormon points out what he hopes the readers will learn from what he has just written. Now speaking of Lehi who left Jerusalem, “And thus we see how merciful and just are all the dealings of the Lord, to the fulfilling of all his words unto the children of men; yea, we can behold that his words are verified, even at this time, which he spake unto Lehi, saying:”
Alma 50:20 “Blessed are thou and thy children; and they shall be blessed, inasmuch as they shall keep my commandments they shall prosper in the land. But remember, inasmuch as they will not keep my commandments they shall be cut off from the presence of the Lord.”
Alma 50:21 Mormon sums things up by saying that quarrels, contentions, murders, plundering, idolatry, whoredoms, abominations brought on the wars and destructions.
Alma 50:22 Mormon again reminds the reader of the contrast between those who keep the commandments and those who fall away from the Lord into sin. Apostate Nephites have been consigned to bondage, or to perish by the sword, or to dwindle in unbelief, and mingle with the Lamanites. The words “in unbelief” are in Romans 11:21.
Alma 50:23 “But behold there never was a happier time among the people of Nephi, since the days of Moroni, yea, even at this time, in the twenty and first year of the reign of the judges.” It appears that the zenith of happiness for the Nephites – at least before the coming of Christ – was reached at this time.
Alma 50:24 Peace lasted for at least three years. In the 1830 edition page 364 the word “second” was misspelled as “seeond.” Of course, it was corrected in later editions.
Alma 50:25-26 Next, we see internal problems starting to brew. In the beginning of the twenty fourth year, there began to be a border dispute between the people in the city of Morianton and those who lived in the land of Lehi.
Alma 50:27-29 The people in the land of Lehi came to Moroni for assistance. When Morianton, heard that the people of Lehi went to Moroni, he was scared that Moroni might lend his army to help the people of Lehi. Being afraid of Moroni’s army, Morianton led his people into the lands northward.
Alma 50:30-33 For some unexplained reason, it seems like a bad idea to allow a colony up north which would inevitably lead to the destruction of the Nephites. So, Moroni sent an army to stop their flight northward.
Alma 50:30 In the 1830 edition page 365 it read “carried his plan into an effect” In the 1964 edition the word “an” was deleted.
Alma 50:34 Moroni was able to head them off at the borders of the land of Desolation between the two seas on the west and the east.
Alma 50:35 Moroni’s army was led by Teancum, who successfully killed Morianton in battle and defeated his army. He returned to the camp of Moroni with the people of Morianton as prisoners. ^The phrase “flattering words” is in 1 Thessalonians 2:5.
Alma 50:36 The people of Morianton covenanted to keep the peace and make up with the people of Lehi.
Alma 50:37 “And it came to pass that in the same year that the people of Nephi had peace restored unto them, that Nephihah, the second chief judge, died, having filled the judgment-seat with perfect uprightness before God.” Nephihah took over from Alma the Younger and had served as president of the Nephite nation for about 16 years. The words “the judgment-seat” are in Romans 14:10.
Alma 50:39-40 The son of Nephihah, whose name was Pahoran filled the judgment-seat at the end of the twenty-fourth year.
Alma 51 The all familiar phrase, “And it came to pass” is found 22 times in this chapter. Just thought you would like to know.
Alma 51:1 At the commencement of the twenty-fifth year of the reign of judges there was peace in the land.
Alma 51:2 But the peace was fairly, short-lived because a group of people wanted to modify some of the laws.
Alma 51:3-6 When Pahoran would not allow the laws to be altered, those people wanted Pahoran to be ousted from the judgment-seat. Those people who wanted to overthrow the free government and establish a king instead, were called “king-men.” And those who desired Pahoran to remain chief judge were called “freemen.”
Alma 51:4 The words “there arose a” are in Matthew 8:24.
Alma 51:6 The phrase “division among them” is in John 9:16.
Alma 51:7 The dispute came to a head, and they held a national election. The majority chose democracy, so Pahoran kept the judgment seat.
Alma 51:8 “Now those who were in favor of kings were those of high birth, and they sought to be kings; and they were supported by those who sought power and authority over the people.” ^The words “and they sought to” are in Mark 12:12.
Alma 51:9 This lack of unity within the Nephite nation came at a very, bad time as Mormon explains. “But behold, this was a critical time for such contentions to be among the people of Nephi; for behold, Amalickiah had again stirred up the hearts of the people of the Lamanites against the people of the Nephites, and he was gathering together soldiers from all parts of his land, and arming them, and preparing for war with all diligence; for he had sworn to drink the blood of Moroni.”
Alma 51:12 This time Amalickiah, himself led the Lamanite army.
Alma 51:13 When the king-men heard the Lamanites were coming they were glad and refused to take up arms to defend their country. You might notice the difference in the response to these king-men, who refused to take up arms and the Anti-Nephi-Lehies, who buried their weapons rather than fight.
Alma 51:14-15 When Moroni heard this, he issued a petition to give him the right to draft the king-men into the army or put them to death.
Alma 51:15 ^The words “unto the governor of the” are in John 2:8.
Alma 51:16-20 Moroni got his order granted, and he marched against the king-men. A fight ensued and 4,000 dissenters were killed, while their leaders were thrown into prison. The rest were compelled into service to defend the country against the Lamanites.
Alma 51:19 The phrase “cast into prison” is in Matthew 4:12.
Alma 51:21 Thus, Moroni put an end to the king-men.
Alma 51:22-23 But, while this internal conflict was taking up most of Moroni’s attention, the Lamanites had come into the land of Moroni and took possession of the city and its fortifications.
Alma 51:24-28 As the Lamanite army conquered one city after another, Amalickiah left men in each city to defend them. They continued to drive the Nephites before them to the land of Bountiful, killing many.
Alma 51:29-32 Unfortunately for Amalickiah and his Lamanite army, they were met by Teancum and his Nephite army. Teancum’s men were much stronger and more skilled warriors. They fought and killed the Lamanites until the sun went down, at which time both sides stopped fighting and made camp.
Alma 51:33 During the night, Teancum and his servant snuck into the Lamanites camp. ^The words “and heat of the day” are in Matthew 20:12.
Alma 51:34 “And it came to pass that Teancum stole privily into the tent of the king, and put a javelin to his heart; and he did cause the death of the king immediately that he did not awake his servants.” What a stealthy maneuver!
Alma 51:35-36 When Teancum returned to his own camp, he woke his army up to tell them what happened. He also prepared them for battle cause, who knows how the Lamanites might react once they discover their king is dead.
Alma 51:35 ^The words “privily to” are in Galatians 2:4.
Alma 52 There are only 17 “And it came to pass” in our final chapter.
Alma 52:1-2 When the Lamanites woke up the next morning and found Amalickiah dead, the army retreated to the city of Mulek.
Alma 52:2 The words “they were affrighted” are in Mark 16:5.
Alma 52:3 With Amalickiah dead, his brother Ammoron becomes the next king of the Lamanites.
Alma 52:4-7 Ammoron’s strategy was to keep the Nephite cities they had already taken. And, because those cities were so well fortified – thanks to the Nephites – Teancum decided it was too risky to attack them. He was hoping for reinforcements from Moroni.
Alma 52:8 Part of Moroni’s strategy was to keep Lamanite prisoners of war to exchange for Nephite prisoners.
Alma 52:9-14 Moroni told Teancum to fortify the land of Bountiful and secure the narrow strip of land. Moroni could not send troops at this time as the Lamanites were at their borders, and being harassed by King Ammoron.
Alma 52:10 ^The phrase “desiring him that he would” is in Acts 9:38.
Alma 52:15-21 When Moroni and his troops finally arrived in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of judges, he met Teancum and his chief captains and planned a deceptive movement that would draw the Lamanites out of the fortified city of Mulek.
Alma 52:16 ^The words “if it were possible” are in Acts 27:39.
Alma 52:19 ^The words “held a council” are in Matthew 12:14.
Alma 52:22-25 Moroni had Teancum and a small number of men march down by the seashore, so that when the Lamanites saw them, they came out of the city to pursue them. Leaving the city unprotected, Moroni and his men came in and seized it.
Alma 52:26-27 Moroni then took part of his army and followed the Lamanites who were still pursuing Teancum. When Teancum came to the city Bountiful, he was met by Lehi and his small army and they joined forces.
Alma 52:26 In the 1830 edition page 373 it read “Moroni had obtained a possession of the city Mulek.” In later editions because it did not belong, the word “a” was deleted.
Alma 52:28-31 When the weary Lamanites realized they were now trapped between Moroni on one side and Lehi on the other, it was too late to retreat.
Alma 52:32 “And Moroni commanded his men that they should fall upon them until they had given up their weapons of war.”
Alma 52:33 “And it came to pass that Jacob, being their leader, being also a Zoramite, and having an unconquerable spirit, he led the Lamanites forth to battle with exceeding fury against Moroni.”
Alma 52:34-35 During the ensuing battle, Moroni was wounded, and Jacob was killed.
Alma 52:36 Lehi pressed upon the Lamanites until they became confused as to what to do. In the 1830 edition it read “knew not whether to go or to strike” which was changed in later editions to read “knew not whither to go or to strike”.
Alma 52:37-40 Moroni gave them a choice to surrender their weapons and he wouldn’t kill them. Many did, and those who would not were taken prisoner and brought the land Bountiful.
Alma 52:38 ^The words “at the feet of” are in Luke 8:35.
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