Mosiah 18-24

When was the word “Mormon” first used in the Book of Mormon text? When was the first baptism mentioned in the Book of Mormon? How is Alma’s baptism and Joseph Smith’s baptism in some ways similar? Why does the name “Mormon” offend God today? Does the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have a paid ministry? The answer to these questions and more in this episode.

How is Alma’s baptism and Joseph Smith’s baptism in some ways similar?

When was the first baptism mentioned in the Book of Mormon?

Why does the name “Mormon” offend God today?

Highlighted text – Verses that are similar or exactly the same in the Bible.

For the sake of time, I will not cite all the parallel phrases and words from the Old and New Testament that are in the Book of Mormon text.  While it can be argued that some of the parallels are coincidental, most are so strong that it is impossible not to conclude that their, true source is the King James Version of the Bible.  For a complete transcript of this lesson, please click on the link in the description below.

To begin, I want to bring you up to date.  Abinadi warned King Noah and his people of their wicked ways.  He was burned to death as a result.  But, during Abinadi’s final message to the King and his wicked priests – one of those priests by the name of Alma was influenced by the words of Abinadi and stood for his defense.  That upset Noah who ordered his servants to capture Alma to kill him as well.  Fortunately, Alma escaped and hid.     

Mosiah 18:1 “And now, it came to pass that Alma, who had fled from the servants of king Noah, repented of his sins and iniquities, and went about privately among the people, and began to teach the words of Abinadi –“ The words “sins and iniquities” are in Hebrews 10:17.

Mosiah 18:2 “Yea, concerning that which was to come, and also concerning the resurrection of the dead, and the redemption of the people, which was to be brought to pass through the power, and sufferings, and death of Christ, and his resurrection and ascension into heaven.”  The words “his resurrection” are also in Matthew 27:53. To use the word “resurrection” in an Old Testament era is anachronistic.  “Resurrection” comes from the Latin word “resurgere” meaning “rise again.”  The Old Testament prophets certainly wrote about the hope of humans rising from the dead, but the word for that concept was never created until the 13th century.  The Book of Mormon uses the term 53 times before Jesus was even born.

Mosiah 18:3 “And as many as would hear his word he did teach.  And he taught them privately, that it might not come to the knowledge of the king.  And many did believe his words.”  The phrase “come to the knowledge of the” is also in 2 Timothy 3:7.

Mosiah 18:4 In this verse, for the first time in the Book or Mormon, we are introduced to the word “Mormon.”  Where does that word come from?  And, what does it mean?  It is purported that Joseph Smith in 1843 wrote in the periodical “Times and Seasons” vol. 4, page 194, that the word “MOR-MON” literally means, “more good.”   

“And it came to pass that as many as did believe him did go forth to a place which was called Mormon, having received its name from the king, being in the borders of the land having been infested, by times or at seasons, by wild beasts.”  The reality of where the name comes from is in this verse.  Mormon was a name given by “the king” assuming it was wicked King Noah.  Not because it was a “more good” place.  But because it was “infested” with “wild beasts.”  This according to “times or at seasons” with allusion to the 1843 Mormon periodical “Times and Seasons.”  Interesting, huh?  The words “And it came to pass that as many as” is also in 2 Samuel 2:23.

Mosiah 18:5-6 This was a great hiding place with a water spring and trees for Alma to hide out in.  This is where he secretly met with people who were interested in his teachings. 

Mosiah 18:5 The words “resorted thither” are also in John 18:2 and “did hide himself” are in John 12:36.

Mosiah 18:6 The words “he went thither to” are the same in 1 Samuel 19:23.

Mosiah 18:7 “And he did teach them, and did preach unto them repentance, and redemption, and faith on the Lord.”   

 

Mosiah 18:8 As a result of these teachings, Alma’s followers were desiring baptism. “And it came to pass that he said unto them: Behold, here are the waters of Mormon (for thus were they called) and now, as ye are desirous to come into the fold of God, and to be called his people, and are willing to bear one another’s burdens, that they may be light;”  The words ‘bear one another’s burdens” are also in Galatians 6:2. In the 1830 edition page 192, it read “Behold, here is the waters of Mormon” which   later was changed from “is” to, “are”.

Mosiah 18:9 “Yea, and are willing to mourn with those that mourn; yea, and comfort those that stand in need of comfort, and to stand as witnesses of God at all times and in all things, and in all places that ye may be in, even until death, that ye may be redeemed of God, and be numbered with those of the first resurrection, that ye may have eternal life –“  Meaning exaltation and godhood in the Celestial kingdom for Latter-day Saints.  The phrase “witnesses of God” is also in 1 Corinthians 15:15 and, “comfort those” is similar, to 2 Corinthians 1:4, and, “the first resurrection” is the same in Revelation 20:6 and, “may have eternal life” is also in Matthew 19:16.

Mosiah 18:10 “Now I say unto you, if this be the desire of your hearts, what have you against being baptized in the name of the Lord, as a witness before him that ye have entered into a covenant with him, that ye will serve him and keep his commandments, that he may pour out his Spirit more abundantly upon you?”  For Latter-day Saints it means to have the Gift of the Holy Ghost.  The phrase “baptized in the name of the Lord” is from Acts 10:48 and, “ye shall serve him” is in Deuteronomy 13:4.  

Mosiah 18:11 The people clapped their hands for joy. The phrase “When the people had heard “is similar, to Matthew 22:22 and, “they clapped their hands” is also in 2 Kings 11:12.

Mosiah 18:12 “And now it came to pass that Alma took Helam, he being one of the first, and went and stood forth in the water, and cried, saying: O Lord, pour out thy Spirit upon thy servant, that he may do this work with holiness of heart.”  Interestingly, this is the first baptism to be described in the Book of Mormon – 453 years after Lehi left Jerusalem.  Were they not baptizing at all up to that time? Or, just not teaching about it?

Before we go on, we need to address some questions namely: Who baptized Alma?  Where did Alma get his authority to baptize?  According to Mormonism – Alma would need at least the Aaronic priesthood to baptize someone.  But, as we know, the Levitical priesthood was not present with Lehi and Nephi when they came over to the promised land. There is one explanation – that Alma held the Melchizedek priesthood before he, with others, became wicked priests under King Noah.     

This situation reminds us of another story from Mormonism, which begs the question – Which came first: the chicken or the egg?  It is the same riddle when talking about the baptism of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery.  Reportedly, the angel, John the Baptist conferred upon the heads of Joseph and Oliver the Aaronic priesthood (see D&C 13).  In Mormonism, baptism must proceed receiving the priesthood, so why didn’t John the Baptist baptize them first?  Instead, he told Smith – who had not yet been baptized by someone who had the proper authority – to baptize Cowdery.  Subsequently, Cowdery went on to baptize Smith.  By today’s Mormon standards, both baptisms would be invalid.  In, light of Alma and Helam being baptized at the same time – why didn’t Joseph baptize himself, while baptizing Oliver?  So that is the question in a nutshell (or an eggshell, if you like). 

Mosiah 18:13 “And when he has said these words, the Spirit of the Lord was upon him, and he said: Helam, I baptize thee, having authority from the Almighty God, as a testimony that ye have entered into a covenant to serve him until you are dead as to the mortal body; and may the Spirit of the Lord be poured out upon you; and may he grant unto you eternal life, through the redemption of Christ, whom he has prepared from the foundation of the world.”  Alma got a little verbose.  We can see why Jesus later simplified the baptismal prayer (see 3 Nephi 11:25)The phrase “And when he had said these words” is the same in Acts 28:29 and, “having authority” is in Matthew 7:29 and, “prepared from the foundation of the world” is from Matthew 25:34.

Mosiah 18:14 “And after Alma had said these words, both Alma and Helam were buried in the water; and they arose and came forth out of the water rejoicing, being filled with the Spirit.”  You have probably tried to picture in your mind how both Alma and Helam were buried in the water together at the same time.   The words “and they arose and came forth out of the water” are similar, to Isaiah 48:1.

Mosiah 18:15-16 After that, Alma baptized a total of 204 people in one day. 

Mosiah 18:15 The words “second time into” are also in John 3:4.

Mosiah 18:16 The words “the grace of God” are also in Hebrews 12:15 and, “after this manner he” are  in 1 Kings 7:37 and, “every one that went” is in Exodus 38:26.

Mosiah 18:17 “And they were called the church of God, or the church of Christ, from that time forward.  And it came to pass that whosoever was baptized by the power and authority of God was added to his church.”  The words “the church of Christ’ are similar, to Romans 16:16 and, “the power and authority of” are also in Luke 20:20 and, “added to his church” are similar, to Acts 2:47.  During Jesus’ mortal ministry, He repeatedly described the church as something yet to come (see Matthew 16:18 and Acts 2:47).  However, the Book of Mormon here in Mosiah 18:17 claims the church was already formed as early as 147 BC. That is nearly two hundred years before it truthfully happened. Both cannot be true.  Verse 17 also mentions “baptism” as the means of being added to the church.  However, according to the Bible the baptism taught by Christ did not begin until Jesus commissioned his disciples in Matthew 28:19

Here in 147 BC., the church was to be called “the church of God, or the church of Christ.”  Obviously, Joseph Smith believed that God and Christ were one and the same being when he wrote it.  Now, you might think that during Jesus’ mortal ministry He would have clarified the name of His church. The fact is, neither Christ, nor His disciples gave an official name to the Church or to the body of believers.  They were known by a number of references, like: “The Way” “Christians” “Nazarenes” “Church of Christ” “Church of God” “Church of the Firstborn” and even “Church of the Thessalonians.” (see T2M “Name of the Church” Episodes 24 and 25)

Mosiah 18:18 “And it came to pass that Alma, having authority from God, ordained priests; even one priest to every fifty of their number did he ordain to preach unto them, and to teach them concerning the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.”  Sort of unbelievable how quickly these 50 men were “ordained” and had the knowledge and understanding to teach other newbies “things pertaining to the kingdom of God.”  But that is what it says.  The phrase “preach unto them” is in Revelation 14:16 and, “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God” is from Acts 1:3.

Mosiah 18:19 Alma told them to teach what has been “spoken by the mouth of the holy prophets.”  The words “of the holy prophets” are in Revelation 22:6. Since they were in the wilderness without scriptures – how would these new members know what the holy prophets have spoken?  

Mosiah 18:20 Alma told them to keep it simple – “preach nothing save it were repentance and faith on the Lord.”   We know all too well that commandments, laws, ordinances, and covenants are soon to follow if one wants to advance in the Mormon gospel. 

Mosiah 18:21-23 He tells them to have no contention, be unified, love one another, keep the Sabbath, and have gratitude.

Mosiah 18:21 The words “with one eye” are also in Matthew 18:9 and, “one faith and one baptism” are similar, to Ephesians 4:5 and, “knit together” are in Colossians 2:2 and, “together in unity” is the same in Psalm 133:1 and, “in love one towards another” are in 1 Thessalonians 3:12.

Mosiah 18:22 The words “the children of God” are also in 1 John 5:2.

Mosiah 18:23 The phrase “Observe the sabbath day, and keep it holy” is similar, to Exodus 20:8.

 

Mosiah 18:24-26 He commands the priests to support themselves.  In other words, the people should not have a “paid clergy.”  I guess, he did not want any spoiled priests like Noah had.  LDS general authorities taught throughout most of its history that there was no professional clergy in the Mormon Church.  Joseph Fielding Smith in Answers to Gospel Questions 3:79 said, “We do not have a paid ministry.”  LDS leaders were always quick to criticize churches that did have a paid clergy – believing that paid ministers will succumb to greed and serve their own self-interests.  But, with the MormonLeaks documents that made the news beginning in 2014, it was revealed that General Authority paychecks are in the six-figure range and provide for a very, comfortable living. (see MormonLeaks documents)    

Fast Offering funds of the Fruit Heights 9th Ward
This is a cleared check written from the Fast Offering funds of the Fruit Heights 9th Ward in Fruit Heights, Ut. The check is written to a ward member in the amount of $4,975.00 and the memo says, 'Burial Plot'. This document was first released to the public by MormonLeaks™ on June 6, 2017

Mosiah 18:24 The words “labor with their own hands” are similar, to 1 Corinthians 4:12.

Mosiah 18:25 “And there was one day in every week that was set apart that they should gather themselves together to teach the people, and to worship the Lord their God, and also, as often as it was in their power, to assemble themselves together.”  This verse reflects 19th century Christianity not 147 BC. Judaism.  In Judaism worship, services are held daily.  The concept of a, once a week worship service is unique to Christianity.  The words “that was set apart” are also in Ezekiel 22:10.

Mosiah 18:26 The phrase “the grace of God” is in Titus 2:11 and, “power and authority” is in Luke 20:20.

Mosiah 18:27-29 Alma then sets up a church welfare system to take care of their temporal and spiritual needs. 

Mosiah 18:27 This entire verse is similar, to Matthew 25:29.

Mosiah 18:30 Everything was going well in the land of Mormon.  They did not even mind the word “Mormon” back then.  “And now it came to pass that all this was done in Mormon, yea, by the waters of Mormon, in the forest that was near the waters of Mormon; yea, the place of Mormon, the waters of Mormon, the forest of Mormon” Mormon who was abridging this record must have been pretty, proud to have his namesake after this special place.  What is in a name anyway?  For the first 180 years of its history as a church, those who believed the Book of Mormon to be the keystone to their religion were referred to as “Mormons”.  In 2010, the LDS Church launched a public campaign titled “I’m a Mormon” featuring biographical sketches of church members throughout the world.  In 2014, the LDS Church released a full-length film titled, “Meet the Mormons”.  But, in 2018 soon after Russell M. Nelson became the President of the church, he called the term “Mormon” offensive to God.  He told church members not to refer to themselves anymore as Mormons.  In, essence he declared all Mormons – “non-Mormons.” (We have 2 episodes discussing this topic.

Episode 59 What’s in a Name and

Episode 60 Mormons, Now Non-Mormon)   So, from now on I am going to call our text, The Book of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.  Just kidding!

Mosiah 18:31 The phrase “these things were done in” is also in John 1:28 and, “of the land, that they might” is in Nehemiah 9:24.

On with our story – Mosiah 18:32-35 The King sent spies who located this group of new believers.  And, Noah sent his army to destroy them.  But, Alma and his people of about 450 being alerted, escaped into the wilderness. 

Mosiah 18:35 The phrase “four hundred and fifty souls” is similar, to 1 Kings 18:22.

Mosiah 19:1-3 By this time, Noah’s wicked excesses have weakened his kingdom.  Many were fed up with him and there were threats against his life.

Mosiah 19:2 The phrase “a division among the remainder of the people” is similar, to John 7:43.

Mosiah 19:4 A man by the name of Gideon decides to kill the king with his sword.  The words “now there was a man” are also in 1 Samuel 9:1.

Mosiah 19:5 But, Noah flees to the tower by the temple. 

Mosiah 19:6 Just as Gideon was about to slay him Noah saw from the tower that the Lamanites were preparing to attack the city.  The words “pursued after him” are in Judges 1:6 and, “within the borders” are similar, to Judges 11:18.

Mosiah 19:7 He told Gideon that he should not kill him, or else the people will be killed by the Lamanites.  The words “cried out in the” are also in Acts 23:6 and, “the anguish of his soul” are in Genesis 42:21 and, “will destroy my people” are the same in Jeremiah 15:7.

Mosiah 19:8 Noah’s ploy works, and Gideon spares his life.

Mosiah 19:9-10 Noah commanded his people to flee into the wilderness.  They do, but the Lamanites catch up and start killing the people. 

Mosiah 19:9 The words “commanded the people” are also in Mark 8:6.

Mosiah 19:11-13 Noah tells the men to abandon their wives and children, and to run for their lives.  Some do, but others choose to stay and try to defend their families. 

Mosiah 19:11 The words “and flee before” are in Deuteronomy 28:7.

Mosiah 19:13 The phrase “that they would not slay them” is similar, to Revelation 9:5.

Mosiah 19:14 The Lamanites were charmed by the beauty of their women and had compassion on them. 

Mosiah 19:15 “Therefore the Lamanites did spare their lives, and took them captives and carried them back to the land of Nephi, and granted unto them that they might possess the land, under the conditions that they would deliver up king Noah into the hands of the Lamanites, and deliver up their property, even one half of all they possessed, one half of their gold, and their silver, and all their precious things, and thus they should pay tribute to the king of the Lamanites from year to year.” 

By way of review, back in Mosiah chapter 7, Ammon and his companions finally found the Nephites in the Land of Nephi, who had been gone from Zarahemla for 79 years.  It was Limhi and his people whom they found.  King Limhi’s people were in bondage to the Lamanites, paying 50% of all they had, to survive.  Mosiah 19:15 explains how this bondage came to be.

Mosiah 19:16 “And now there was one of the sons of the king among those that were taken captive, whose name was Limhi.”  He was the son of King Noah.  Are you piecing all of this together?  The words “the sons of the king” are in 1 Kings 1:19 and, “was taken captive” are the same in Genesis 14:14.

Mosiah 19:17 The words “was not ignorant of” are similar, to 2 Corinthians 2:11 and, “the iniquities of his father” are similar, to Ezekiel 18:17 and “being a just man” are the same in Matthew 1:19.

Mosiah 19:18-23 Now, Gideon sent men into the wilderness to search for Noah and those who left their children and wives behind when fleeing from the Lamanites.  They found those men – who themselves had decided to kill Noah – even by fire.  But the wicked priests got away. 

Mosiah 19:18 One of the most frequent mistakes in the 1830 edition is the use of the word “was” instead of “were”.  In this verse, page 195, it read “and those that was with him.”  In later editions washas been changed to were

Mosiah 19:19 The words “tarried with them” are also in John 3:22.

Mosiah 19:20 The phrase “commanded them that they should not” is also in Acts 1:4.

Mosiah 19:21 The words “and put them to death” are the same in Jeremiah 52:27 and, “they fled before them” are also in 2 Kings 3:24.

Mosiah 19:22 The phrase “of all that had happened” is also in Esther 4:7.

Mosiah 19:23 The words “had slain the king” are the same in 2 Kings 14:5.

Mosiah 19:24 Gideon and all the men returned to the land of Nephi to be with their families.  The words “they returned to the land” are also in Genesis 21:32.

Mosiah 19:26-27 Limhi, son of Noah becomes the new king.  And there was peace in the land.

Mosiah 19:28 But, the Lamanites put guards around the land to prevent the Nephites from leaving.  The phrase “they might not depart” is from 2 Chronicles 35:15 and, “the tribute which” is in Numbers 31:43.

Mosiah 19:29 The words “continual peace in his kingdom for the space of two years” are similar, to Acts 19:10.

Mosiah 20:1-5 Remember the wicked priests of Noah are still on the loose.  They deserted their wives and are embarrassed to return to their families.  The wicked priests discovered a place where the daughters of the Lamanites liked to gather to sing and dance.  One day, the priests kidnapped 24 of them and carried them into the wilderness.  Imagine what the Lamanites thought when they found out their daughters had been abducted.  

Mosiah 20:1 In the 1830 edition page 196, it read “the Lamanites did gather themselves together for to sing”  The awkward word “for” in that sentence was deleted in later editions. 

Mosiah 20:3 The words “would slay them” are in 1 Samuel 2:25.

Mosiah 10:5 This verse is similar, to Judges 21:21.

Mosiah 20:6-7 The Lamanite King and his armies went to the land of Nephi to destroy the people of Limhi, because they thought the Nephites stole their daughters.

Mosiah 20:8-11 A huge battle ensued.  Yet, with half the numbers, Limhi people began to drive them back. 

Mosiah 20:8 The words “and laid wait for them” are similar, to Judges 16:2 and, “and in the forests” are in 2 Chronicles 27:4.

Mosiah 20:10 The words “like lions” are also in Jeremiah 51:38.

Mosiah 20:11 The phrase “yet they were not” is in Jeremiah 36:24 and, “like dragons” is in Jeremiah 14:6.

Mosiah 20:12 During the battle they found the king of the Lamanites among the dead but still alive. 

Mosiah 20:13 They brought him to King Limhi for questioning. The phrase “him, and bound up his wounds” is in Luke 10:34 and, “and brought him before” is in 1 Samuel 17:57 and, “is the king of the” is also in Luke 23:38 and, “let us slay him” is the same in Genesis 37:20. 

Mosiah 20:14 “And Limhi said unto him: What cause have ye to come up to war against my people?  Behold, my people have not broken the oath that I made unto you; therefore, why should ye break the oath which ye made unto my people?”  The words “And bring him hither” are in Luke 19:50 and, “saith unto him, What” are the same in John 18:38.     

Mosiah 20:15-16 The Lamanite King said they did not, but it was because your people stole our daughters.

Mosiah 20:16 King Limhi said, he would find who did it and kill them.  The phrase “has done this thing shall perish” is similar, to 2 Samuel 12:5.

Mosiah 20:17-18 Then, Gideon reminded Limhi of Noah’s creepy priests who were still at large.  It was probably them who stole the Lamanite girls.    

Mosiah 20:17 The phrase “when Gideon had heard these things” is similar, to Matthew 2:3 and, “the king’s captain” is also in Daniel 2:15 and, “said unto the king: I pray thee” is in 2 Samuel 15:7 and, “lay not this thing to their charge” is similar, to Acts 7:60.

Mosiah 20:18 The words “do ye not remember” are in Mark 8:18 and, “not in the wilderness” are in Nehemiah 9:19.

Mosiah 20:19-23 Limhi informed the Lamanite King concerning the wicked priests who fled into the wilderness, that they were most likely the culprits. 

Mosiah 20:19 The words “tell the king of these things” are similar, to Jeremiah 36:16.

Mosiah 20:20 The words “except the king” are also in Esther 2:14.

Mosiah 20:21 The phrase “are not the words of” is also in John 10:21 and, “hearken unto the words of the Lord” is the same in Jeremiah 37:2 and, “turn from our iniquities” is in Daniel 9:13.

Mosiah 20:22 The phrase “for it is better that we should be in bondage than that we should lose our lives” is similar, to Exodus 14:12.

Mosiah 20:23 The words “concerning his father” are also in 1 Chronicles 19:2 and, “the carrying away of” are in Jeremiah 1:3.

Mosiah 20:24-26 With this explanation for the abduction, the Lamanites were pacified and agreed not to fight anymore.  The Lamanite king was returned to his people and peace was restored between the two nations.

Mosiah 20:24 The words “was pacified towards” are similar, to Ezekiel 16:63 and, “and he said unto them: Let us go” are the same in Luke 8:22 and, “slay thy people” are also in Ezekiel 26:11.

Mosiah 20:26 The phrase “that they were without” is also in Romans 1:20 and, “had compassion on them, and” is also in Matthew 20:34. 

Chapters 21 and 22 will conclude the account of Limhi and his people.  They will go through more misery and bondage to the Lamanites but will eventually escape the land of Nephi.  Ammon and his men – who came from the land of Zarahemla – will take them to join Mosiah II and his people there.  Chapters 21 and 22 complete the “flashback” begun in Mosiah 9, as far as the history of Limhi and his people are concerned.  The 79 years of Zeniff, Noah, and Limhi who built up a Nephite colony in Lamanite territory. 

Then, Chapters 23 and 24 will finish the flashback as far as Alma and his converts are concerned.  They too, will arrive in the land of Zarahemla and join King Mosiah II and his people. 

Mosiah 21:1-5 Back to our story – Limhi and his people were experiencing peace for a while.  Then, the Lamanites began to harass the Nephites – smiting them on their cheeks and putting burdens on their backs.  There was not much the Nephites could do because they were surrounded. 

Mosiah 21:2 The words “come into the borders of the land” are similar, to Exodus 16:35.

Mosiah 21:3 The words “because of the oath which” are also in Joshua 9:20 and, “dumb ass” are in 2 Peter 2:16.

Mosiah 21:4 The phrase “all this was done that the” and “might be fulfilled” are in Matthew 26:56.

Mosiah 21:5 In the 1830 edition page 198, it read “the afflictions of the Nephites was great” which was changed in later editions from “was” to, were.

Mosiah 21:6-8 Limhi’s people convinced the king to let them go to battle against the Lamanites, to drive them out of their land. But the Lamanites beat them back and killed many of them. 

Mosiah 21:6 The words “them that they should do according to” are also in Nehemiah 5:12.

Mosiah 21:9-12 Limhi’s people tried two more times to rise, up against the Lamanites but were defeated again.  The words “in the like manner” are also in Luke 6:23.

Mosiah 21:13-14 Limhi’s people were humbled and chose to turn to God for help. 

Mosiah 21:13 The phrase “the yoke of bondage” is in Galatians 5:1 and, “driven to and fro” is in Job 13:25.

Mosiah 21:14 The words “and cry mightily to God; yea” are similar, to Jonah 3:8 and, “and he would deliver them out of their afflictions” are similar, to Psalm 107:6.

Mosiah 21:15 “And the Lord was slow to hear their cry because of their iniquities; nevertheless the Lord did hear their cries, and began to soften the hearts of the Lamanites that they began to ease their burdens; yet the Lord did not fit to deliver them out of bondage.” The words “the Lord was slow to” are similar, to Nahum 1:3.

Mosiah 21:16-19 The Nephites worked hard and began to prosper. 

Mosiah 21:16 The words “flocks, and herds” are in 1 Samuel 30:20.

Mosiah 21:17 The phrase “perish with hunger” is in Luke 15:17.

Mosiah 21:18 The words “now the people of” are in 1 Peter 2:10.

Mosiah 21:20 In the meantime, Limhi and his people are still trying to find the remainder of King Noah’s wicked priests.  The words “which had stolen” are in 2 Samuel 21:12.

Mosiah 21:21 Limhi wanted to catch and punish those priests for not only stealing the Lamanite daughters but also sneaking into the city of Nephi at night and stealing their grain and other precious things.  They watched for a chance to capture them.  The phrase “they were desirous to” is in John 16:19 and “they might punish them” is in Acts 4:21.

Mosiah 21:22-23 Now, we are about to be told why King Limhi was so quick to have Ammon and his companions arrested and thrown into prison when they approached the city after having come from the land of Zarahemla to try to find the Nephite colony. (see Mosiah 7:7) He mistook Ammon and his friends for those wicked priests. 

Mosiah 21:23 The phrase “that they should be put to death” is also in Acts 12:19.

Mosiah 21:24 “But when he found that they were not, but that they were his brethren, and had come from the land of Zarahemla, he was filled with exceedingly great joy” which is similar, to Matthew 2:10.   

Mosiah 21:25-27 These next verses repeat what Limhi told Ammon back in Mosiah chapter 8It is the account of Limhi’s men finding the ruins of the Jaredite civilization. 

Just before Ammon arrived, Limhi had sent some men to search for the land of Zarahemla, but they got lost. They did stumble upon the ruins of a city covered with dry bones that they thought might be Zarahemla.  They found 24 gold plates which belonged instead to the extinct Jaradite Nation.  The plates would contain the book of Ether.   

Mosiah 21:26 The words “not many days” are also in Luke 15:13.

Mosiah 21:28 “And now Limhi was again filled with joy on learning from the mouth of Ammon that king Mosiah had a gift from God, whereby he could interpret such engravings; yea, and Ammon also did rejoice.”  The words “was again filled with joy” are similar, to Acts 13:52.   This verse contains a very, serious mistake.  In the 1830 Edition page 200 it said, “king Benjamin had a gift from God.”  Since, King Benjamin died 15 chapters earlier, the name had to be changed to “king Mosiahin later editions to correct the obvious mistake.  So, in today’s version it reads “king Mosiah had a gift from God.” This was not a mere grammatical or punctuation change – but a change of considerable substance.  How did such a conspicuous mistake slip into a translation being overseen by the power of God? 

But it appears this was not the only place where such a change needed to be made.  The original 1830 edition page 546 text of Ether 4:1 read Benjaminand had to be changed in later editions to Mosiah.  The fact that there are two such major changes leads one to speculate that Joseph Smith may possibly have had a slightly different course in mind for the life of Benjamin and had the king die prematurely in writing the narrative.  In this lesson alone, we have seen several edits and changes in the text of the Book of Mormon.  Joseph Fielding Smith, a former LDS prophet and Church historian said in The Improvement Era, December 1961 “…enemies of the Church…have made the statement that there have been one or two or more thousand changes in the Book of Mormon since the first edition was published.  Well, of course, there is no truth in that statement.”  Really, President Smith, no truth to that at all?  I think it has been proven otherwise. 

Mosiah 21:33 “And it came to pass that king Limhi and many of his people were desirous to be baptized; but there was none in the land that had authority from God.  And Ammon declined doing this thing, considering himself an unworthy servant.”  This hints that Ammon had the priesthood but was not worthy to use it.  Again, in the 1830 edition page 200, it read, “…many of his people was desirous to be baptized…” It has since been changed to read were.  The words “that had authority” are also in Mark 1:22.

Mosiah 21:34  Indicates that they did not form into a church at that time.

Mosiah 21:35 Limhi and his people desired to be baptized, and they would eventually be baptized by Alma, in the land of Zarahemla as recorded in Mosiah chapter 25The words “They were desirous to” are also in John 16:19 and, “with all their hearts” are in 2 Chronicles 6:14.

Mosiah 21:36 From this point on, every effort and thought was to figure a way to escape from the bondage of the Lamanites.  Limhi and his people will have to figure out a way to distract their Lamanite guards.

Mosiah 22:1-5 After deciding there was no chance for a military victory, Gideon came up with a plan which they implemented. 

Mosiah 22:2 The phrase “and their flocks, and their herds, and” is in Genesis 47:1.

Mosiah 22:3 The words “before the king, and said” are also in 2 Samuel 18:28 and, “hearken unto my words” are in Jeremiah 6:19. 

Mosiah 22:4 The words “unprofitable servant” are also in Matthew 25:30.

Mosiah 22:5 The phrase “And Gideon said unto him” is in Judges 6:13.

Mosiah 22:6-12 At night, while the Lamanite guards were drunken with wine – Limhi’s people with their herds and possessions, slipped through the back wall of the city into the wilderness.  Being miraculously undetected, they were led by Ammon who took them to the land of Zarahemla. 

Mosiah 22:8 This verse is similar, to Exodus 10:9.

Mosiah 22:9 The words “the king hearkened unto” are in Chronicles 24:17.

Mosiah 22:11 The phrase “their flocks and their herds” is also in Genesis 47:1 and, “went round about the” is the same in Mark 6:6.

Mosiah 22:13 “And after being many days in the wilderness they arrived in the land of Zarahemla, and joined Mosiah’s people, and became his subjects.”  The words “and became his subjects” are similar, to 1 Chronicles 19:19.

Mosiah 22:14 “And it came to pass that Mosiah received them with joy; and he also received their records, and also the records which had been found by the people of Limhi.”  Their records were started by Zeniff and were finished by Limhi.  Also, the 24 gold plates of the Jaradites which had been found by the people of Limhi. 

Mosiah 22:15-16 When Lamanites woke up from their hangover and discovering the Nephites had pulled a fast one on them – they sent an army after them.  But eventually they got lost in the wilderness.  We will see that these Lamanites will stumble onto the wicked priests of Noah, who kidnapped the Lamanite daughters.  And a bit later, they will stumble onto Alma and his converts – who have had many years of peace in the area in which they settled.

(no reference) We now pick up the story of Alma and his people who had years earlier, fled into the wilderness.  They settled in an area named Helam, and built a city named Helam.  Remember Helam was the first convert Alma baptized in the waters of Mormon.  They lived peaceably there for a couple of decades before the Lamanites find them. 

Mosiah 23:1 This chapter picks up where Chapter 19 left off. “Now Alma, having been warned of the Lord that the armies of King Noah would come upon them, and having made it known to his people, therefore they gathered together their flocks, and took of their grain, and departed into the wilderness before the armies of king Noah.”  The words “made it known to his people” are similar, to Acts 7:13 and, “therefore they gathered” are also in John 6:13.

Mosiah 23:2  “And the Lord did strengthen them, that the people of king Noah could not overtake them to destroy them.”  The words “could not overtake them” are similar, to Hosea 10:9. 

Mosiah 23:3-5 Eventually Alma’s people settled in a place somewhere between the city of Nephi and the city of Zarahemla where they began building a city and planting crops. 

Mosiah 23:4 The words “And they came to a land” are similar, to Mark 14:32 and, “pleasant land” are also in Jeremiah 3:19.

Mosiah 23:5 The words “they were industrious” are similar, to 1 Kings 11:28.

Mosiah 23:6 “And the people were desirous that Alma should be their king, for he was beloved by his people.”

Mosiah 23:7 “But he said unto them: Behold, it is not expedient that we should have a king; for thus saith the Lord: Ye shall not esteem one flesh above another, or one man shall not think himself above another; therefore I say unto you it is not expedient that ye should have a king.”  The phrase “it is not expedient” is also in 2 Corinthians 12:1 and, “for thus saith the Lord: Ye shall not” is the same in 2 Kings 3:17 and, “esteem one flesh above another” is similar, to Romans 14:5. 

Mosiah 23:8 “Nevertheless, if it were possible that ye could always have just men to be your kings it would be well for you to have a king.”  The words “if it were possible” are also in Mark 14:35.  

Mosiah 23:9 He reminds them how wicked king Noah and his priests were – including himself.  The phrase “abominable in the sight of the Lord” is similar, to Luke 16:15.

Mosiah 23:10-11 But after Alma had repented, God ended up using him to convert many people – which he gives all the credit to God.

Mosiah 23:10 The words “after much tribulation” are similar, to Acts 14:22.

Mosiah 23:11 This verse is similar, to 1 Corinthians 9:16.

Mosiah 23:12 The words “And now I say unto you” are also in Acts 5:38.

Mosiah 23:13 Alma goes on to say – being freed from the bonds of iniquity and delivered by the power of God “even so I desire that ye should stand fast in the liberty wherewith ye have been made free, and that ye trust no man to be a king over you.”  The phrase “by the power of God” is also in 1 Peter 1:5 and, “stand fast in this liberty wherewith ye have been made free” is similar, to Galatians 5:1. 

Mosiah 23:14 “And also trust no one to be your teacher nor your minister, except he be a man of God, walking in his ways and keeping his commandments.”  The words “walking in his ways and keeping his commandments” are similar, to Luke 1:6. 

Mosiah 23:15 He warns them that there should be no contention among them.  The phrase “love his neighbor as himself” is also in Mark 12:33.

Mosiah 23:16 “And, now, Alma was their high priest, he being the founder of their church.”

Mosiah 23:17 It says that being the high priest, Alma had all the power to consecrate their priests and teachers.  Here is a concern with Alma being a high priest.  Under the Law of Moses every priest was born of the tribe of Levi and was descendant of Aaron.  Of those Levitical priests there was only one high priest at a time.  We have already established in previous lessons that descendants of Father Lehi could not be a descendant of Aaron.  Thus, the Levitical priesthood did not exist at that time in the New World.  So, from what priesthood would Alma be a high priest?  In Mormonism, it is taught that these men were performing under Melchizedek priesthood.  The problem with that is that there was no Melchizedek priesthood.  Hebrews 3:1 tells us that Jesus is our High Priest.  He is our Great High Priest as stated in Hebrews 6:20. Jesus was a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek (see Hebrews 5:6, 9-10).  No one other than Christ ever had been a high priest after the order of Melchizedek.  So, it really makes no sense for Alma to be called high priest.      

Mosiah 23:17 The words “priests and all their teachers” are similar, to Acts 22:30.

Mosiah 23:18 The words “things pertaining to” are also in 1 Corinthians 6:4.

Mosiah 23:19-20 The people prospered, multiplied, and built the city of Helam. 

Mosiah 23:20 The words “built a city, which they called the city of Helam” are similar, to Judges 1:26.

Mosiah 23:21-22 Next, Mormon – who is abridging this record – inserts an editorial to explain that even when things are going well, the Lord likes to test his people.

Mosiah 23:22 The phrase “whosoever putteth his trust in his Lord” is similar, to Proverbs 29:25 and, “up at the last day” is also in John 6:40.

Mosiah 23:23 Mormon says, “For behold I will show unto you that they were brought into bondage, and none could deliver them but the Lord their God, yea, even the God of Abraham and Isaac, and of Jacob.”  The phrase “the God of Abraham and Isaac, and of Jacob” is also in Acts 3:13.

Mosiah 23:24 “And it came to pass that he did deliver them, and he did show forth his mighty power unto them, and great were their rejoicings.”

Mosiah 23:25-29 Next, Mormon tells the reader what happened to Alma and his people. While they were working in their fields, an army of Lamanites showed up.  So, they fled into the city where Alma counseled them to not be frightened.  He told them to trust in God to deliver them.  Then Alma’s people delivered themselves up to the Lamanites who took possession of the land.

Mosiah23:25 In the 1830 edition page 204, it read “an army of the Lamanites were in the borders”  It’s since been changed in later editions from “were” to, was.

Mosiah 23:27 The words “and exhorted them” are in Acts 11:23.

Mosiah 23:29-34 Mormon tells the reader that these were the same Lamanites, who chased the people of Limhi after they had gotten the guards drunk and escaped into the wilderness.  These Lamanites first stumbled upon the wicked priests of Noah, led by Amulon.  Remember, those priests had kidnapped the daughter of the Lamanites and made them their wives.  So, in order to prevent the Lamanite army from killing Amulon and the other priests, they had their wives plead for their husbands lives.  Consequently, the Lamanites had compassion on them. 

Mosiah 23:35 “And Amulon and his brethren did join the Lamanites, and they were traveling in the wilderness in search of the land of Nephi when they discovered the land of Helam, which was possessed by Alma and his brethren.” 

Mosiah 23:36 “And it came to pass that the Lamanites promised unto Alma and his brethren, that if they would show them the way which led to the land of Nephi that they would grant unto them their lives and their liberty.”  The Lamanites just wanted to find their way back home after being lost in the wilderness.  I do not know why they thought Alma would know the way.  Evidently, he did. 

Mosiah 23:37 “But after Alma had shown them the way that led to the land of Nephi the Lamanites would not keep their promise; but they set guards round about the land of Helam, over Alma and his brethren.”  Alma had been set up and lied to.  The words “round about the land” are also in Amos 3:11.

Mosiah 23:38 “And the remainder of them went to the land of Nephi; and a part of them returned to the land of Helam, and also brought with them the wives and children of the guards who had been left in the land.”  The phrase “them returned to the land of Helam” is similar, to Acts 13:13.

Mosiah 23:39 “And the king of the Lamanites had granted unto Amulon that he should be a king and a ruler over his people, who were in the land of Helam; nevertheless he should have no power to do anything contrary to the will of the king of the Lamanites.”  The words “to do anything contrary to the” are similar, to Acts 26:9.  So, the wicked priest – Amulon, was put in charge of ruling over Alma and his people.  He was really, no more than a puppet king since he was still accountable to the Lamanite King. 

Mosiah 24:1-4 The name of the Lamanite king was Laman.  He and Amulon were getting quite cozy.  Laman told Amulon to appoint teachers – from among his wicked priests – to teach the Nephite language to the Lamanites. 

Mosiah 24:1 The phrase “did gain favor in the eyes of the” is also in 2 Samuel 15:25 and, “and his brethren that they should” is in Judges 9:41.

Mosiah 24:3 The words “And he was king” are also in Deuteronomy 33:5.

Mosiah 24:5 Which Amulon did. However, they taught the Lamanites nothing concerning God nor the law of Moses nor the words of Abinadi.  The words “knew not God” are in 1 Corinthians 1:21 and, “not God; neither” are also in Luke 18:2.

Mosiah 24:6 “But they taught them that they should keep their record, and that they might write one to another.”  In fact, this will come in handy in about 30 years when the four sons of Mosiah go on missions to the Lamanites in the land of Nephi.  We will cover this in our next Come Follow Me lesson.  It is also interesting that the Lamanites themselves started keeping records.    

Mosiah 24:7 The Lamanites started to become rich, through trade, and being a cunning people.  They also delighted in all manner of wickedness.  The words “increase in riches” are in Psalm 73:12 and, “the wisdom of the world” are similar, to 1 Corinthians 1:20.

Mosiah 24:8 “And now it came to pass that Amulon began to exercise authority over Alma and his brethren, and began to persecute him, and cause that his children should persecute their children.”  Sounds like some bullying going on here.  Since Amulon and Alma were both part of king Noah’s wicked priesthood – Amulon seems to enjoy lording over Alma now.   And, perhaps Alma resented Amulon for encouraging Noah to kill Abinadi. 

Mosiah 24:9 “For Amulon knew Alma, that he had been one of the king’s priests, and that it was he that believed the words of Abinadi  and was driven out before the king, and therefore he was wroth with him; for he was subject to king Laman, yet he exercised authority over them, and put tasks upon them, and put task-masters over them.”  The words “and was driven” are also in Luke 8:29. Amulon is blaming Alma for the limits set by King Laman as to what he could and could not do to Alma.  Yet, Amulon still treated them like slaves. 

Mosiah 24:10 “And it came to pass that so great were their afflictions that they began to cry mightily to God.”  The words “cry mightily to God” are in Jonah 3:8.

Mosiah 24:11 “And Amulon commanded them that they should stop their cries; and he put guards over them to watch them, that whosoever should be found calling upon God should be put to death.”  Guess the praying got too irritating for those heathens.  No religious freedom for Alma’s people.  The words “calling upon God” are also in Acts 7:59.

Mosiah 24:12 “And Alma and his people did not raise their voices to the Lord their God, but did pour out their hearts to him; and he did know the thoughts of their hearts.”  The words “know the thoughts of their hearts” are similar, to Daniel 2:30.

Mosiah 24:13 “And it came to pass that the voice of the Lord came to them in their afflictions, saying: Lift up your heads and be of good comfort, for I know of the covenant which ye have made unto me; and I will covenant with my people and deliver them out of bondage.”  The phrase “the voice of the Lord came” is also in Acts 7:31 and, “be of good comfort, for I know” is similar, to Philippians 2:19 and, “covenant with my people” is the same in Psalm 89:3.

Mosiah 24:14 “And I will also ease the burdens which are put upon your shoulders, that even you cannot feel them upon your backs, even while you are in bondage; and this will I do that ye may stand as witnesses for me hereafter, and that ye may know of a surety that I, the Lord God, do visit my people in their afflictions.” 

Mosiah 24:15 The words “all the will of the Lord” are similar, to Colossians 4:12.

Mosiah 24:16 So great was the people’s faith and patience, God said that He would deliver them out of bondage the very next day.  The words “on the morrow I” are in Acts 25:17 and, “I will deliver you out of” are similar, to Jeremiah 15:21.

Mosiah 24:17 The phrase “Thou shalt go before” is also in Luke 1:76. 

Mosiah 24:18 During the night, Alma and his people gathered up their flocks and grain.

Mosiah 24:19 In the morning, God a caused a deep sleep to come upon the Lamanites.  The words “And in the morning the” and, “caused a deep sleep to” are in Genesis 2:21.

Mosiah 24:20 Consequently, Alma and his people were able to escape into the wilderness.  The words “way in the wilderness” are in Isaiah 43:19.

Mosiah 24:21 The people were thankful and grateful to God for delivering them from bondage.  The words “had delivered them out of” and “the Lord their God” are in Judges 8:34.

Mosiah 24:22-24 God told them to keep moving because the Lamanites were about to wake up and pursue them.

Mosiah 24:22 The phrase “And they gave thanks to God” is in Acts 27:35 and, “voices in the” is also in 1 Corinthians 14:10.

Mosiah 24:23 The words “Haste thee and thou” are similar, to 1 Samuel 23:27.

Mosiah 24:25 “And after they had been in the wilderness twelve days they arrived in the land of Zarahemla; and king Mosiah did also receive them with joy.”  Now every is back home in Zarahemla. 

And, this concludes our study for today. For More you can find this podcast on demand were ever you listen to podcasts and on YouTube. You can also find us on Facebook. And share this with your friends. Or, you can go to our website at Talking to Mormons.com where you can download this script and learn much more. Links are in the description.

Until then, God Bless!

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